Veggie of the Month
The tomato is the edible fruit of Solanum lycopersicum.
The species originated in Central and South America.
Its use as a food originated in Mexico, and spread throughout the world following the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
While tomatoes are botanically berry-type fruits, they are considered culinary vegetables, being ingredients of savory meals.
Tomatoes keep best unwashed at room temperature and out of direct sunlight. It is not recommended to refrigerate them as this can harm the flavor. Tomatoes stored cold tend to lose their flavor permanently.
Storing stem down can prolong shelf life, as it may keep from rotting too quickly.
Tomatoes that are not yet ripe can be kept in a paper bag till ripening.
A tomato is 95% water, contains 4% carbohydrates and less than 1% each of fat and protein (table). In a 100 gram amount, raw tomatoes supply 18 calories and are a moderate source of vitamin C.